Broken windows policing, based on the observation that areas marked by a high level of disorder, such as broken windows, need a higher level of order-inducing resources, such as police; has long proven itself and has now been adapted for use in Detroit, as reported by one of the partners in the effort, The Manhattan Institute.
“In an effort to revive Detroit’s neighborhoods, the Detroit Police Department has partnered with the Manhattan Institute to develop a long-range strategy to maintain order, reduce fear, prevent crime, and improve the quality of life of its citizens.
“Months after implementing a community policing pilot program, the Grandmont-Rosedale community is already noticing a significant drop in home invasions compared to the rest of Detroit. The preliminary results were announced by the Detroit Police Department at a community meeting on the evening of Sept. 20.
“Launched on June 4, the pilot program is focused on creating a collaborative approach between the Detroit Police Department and the community. The initiative was implemented by the Detroit Police Department in partnership with the residents and business owners in the Grandmont-Rosedale community, the criminal courts, Wayne County Sheriff Department, Michigan Department of Corrections, the Greater Detroit Centers for Working Families, and the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research with a shared purpose of preventing crime and keeping citizens safe.
“In the first 120 days of the pilot program, there was a 32 percent reduction in home invasions in the pilot project area compared to a year ago. In contrast, there was an 8.5 percent decrease in home invasions throughout the City of Detroit during the same period.
“These results were achieved at a time when violent crime has escalated in Detroit. The success of broken-windows policing has demonstrated in New York City and Los Angeles that a holistic approach is necessary in order to reduce violent crime.
“These preliminary results are promising and demonstrate that if you increase the felt presence of the police and conduct proactive outreach, you can begin to prevent crime and restore order in communities,” said George Kelling.
“In the 1980s, Kelling, along with the late James Q. Wilson, developed the innovative order maintenance policies that came be to be known as “broken windows” policing, which ultimately led to radical crime reduction in New York City and Los Angeles. Broken-windows policing is now widely recognized as an effective approach to public safety, crime prevention, and crime intervention. A criminologist, Kelling has tweaked the 20-year old theory especially for Motown.”