Texas surpasses California as this article from the Sacramento Bee reports, and I would predict that the crime rates in California would rise as a result.

An excerpt.

“SACRAMENTO, Calif.– Everything is bigger in Texas, the saying goes, and that is now also true of its prison system.

“California used to have the nation’s largest state prison system, topping 173,000 inmates at its peak in 2006. But since a law took effect last year that shifts responsibility for less serious criminals to county jails, the state has reduced its prison population and is no longer the largest in the nation.

“California now has fewer than 136,000 state inmates, eclipsed by about 154,000 in Texas. Florida previously was third, according to 2010 figures from the federal Bureau of Justice Statistics, and currently has about 100,000 inmates.

“The reduction in California was ordered by federal judges in a decision backed last year by the U.S. Supreme Court. The courts ruled crowded prisons were causing poor care of sick and mentally ill inmates.”